Come si usa DrawerLayout per visualizzare il ActionBar / Toolbar e sotto la barra di stato ?

? Chris Banes @ | Original: StackOverFlow
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Ho visto nel nuovo design http://www.google.co.uk/design/spec/layout/structure.html#structure-side-nav materiale che è possibile visualizzare il cassetto sopra la barra delle azioni e dietro lo stato bar . Come posso realizzare questo ?

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Top 5 Risposta

1Chris Banes @

La nuova funzionalità nelle librerie quadro e di sostegno permettono proprio questo . Ci sono tre " pezzi del puzzle ' :

Using https://developer.android.com/reference/android/support/v7/widget/Toolbar.html so that you can embed your action bar into your view hierarchy. Making https://developer.android.com/reference/android/support/v4/widget/DrawerLayout.html fitSystemWindows so that it is layed out behind the system bars. Disabling Theme.Material's normal status bar coloring so that DrawerLayout can draw there instead.

Darò per scontato che si utilizzerà il nuovo appcompat .

In primo luogo, il layout dovrebbe essere simile a questo :

<!-- The important thing to note here is the added fitSystemWindows -->
<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/my_drawer_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true">

    <!-- Your normal content view -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <!-- We use a Toolbar so that our drawer can be displayed
             in front of the action bar -->
        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar  
            android:id="@+id/my_awesome_toolbar"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary" />

        <!-- The rest of your content view -->

    </LinearLayout>

    <!-- Your drawer view. This can be any view, LinearLayout
         is just an example. As we have set fitSystemWindows=true
         this will be displayed under the status bar. -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="304dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="left|start"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true">

        <!-- Your drawer content -->

    </LinearLayout>

</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

Poi, nel vostro Attività / Fragment :

public void onCreate(Bundled savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    // Your normal setup. Blah blah ...

    // As we're using a Toolbar, we should retrieve it and set it
    // to be our ActionBar
    Toolbar toolbar = (...) findViewById(R.id.my_awesome_toolbar);
    setSupportActionBar(toolbar);

    // Now retrieve the DrawerLayout so that we can set the status bar color.
    // This only takes effect on Lollipop, or when using translucentStatusBar
    // on KitKat.
    DrawerLayout drawerLayout = (...) findViewById(R.id.my_drawer_layout);
    drawerLayout.setStatusBarBackgroundColor(yourChosenColor);
}

Quindi è necessario assicurarsi che il DrawerLayout è visibile dietro la barra di stato . Fate che cambiando il tema dei valori - V21 :

Valori - V21 / themes.xml

<style name="Theme.MyApp" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
</style>
2Nicolas Jafelle @

Farlo funzionare, in stili valori - V21 o tema xml deve utilizzare questo attributo :

<item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>

Che rendono la magia !

3Nicol&#225;s L&#243;pez @

Questo è il più semplice, e ha funzionato per me :

Nel valori - 21 :

<resources>
    <style name="AppTheme" parent="AppTheme.Base">
        ...
        <item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>
    </style>
    <dimen name="topMargin">25dp</dimen>
</resources>

In the values:

<resources>
    <dimen name="topMargin">0dp</dimen>
</resources>

E impostare alla barra degli strumenti

android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/topMargin"
4Suyash @

Dal momento che non esiste una soluzione completa pubblicata, ecco il modo in cui ho raggiunto il risultato desiderato .

Primo includere un https://github.com/google/iosched/blob/master/android/src/main/java/com/google/samples/apps/iosched/ui/widget/ScrimInsetsFrameLayout.java nel progetto .

/*
* Copyright 2014 Google Inc.
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

/**
* A layout that draws something in the insets passed to 
* {@link #fitSystemWindows(Rect)}, i.e. the area above UI chrome
* (status and navigation bars, overlay action bars).
*/
public class ScrimInsetsFrameLayout extends FrameLayout {
    private Drawable mInsetForeground;

    private Rect mInsets;
    private Rect mTempRect = new Rect();
    private OnInsetsCallback mOnInsetsCallback;

    public ScrimInsetsFrameLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
        init(context, null, 0);
    }

    public ScrimInsetsFrameLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        init(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    public ScrimInsetsFrameLayout(
        Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        init(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    private void init(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        final TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
                R.styleable.ScrimInsetsView, defStyle, 0);
        if (a == null) {
            return;
        }
        mInsetForeground = a.getDrawable(
            R.styleable.ScrimInsetsView_insetForeground);
        a.recycle();

        setWillNotDraw(true);
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean fitSystemWindows(Rect insets) {
        mInsets = new Rect(insets);
        setWillNotDraw(mInsetForeground == null);
        ViewCompat.postInvalidateOnAnimation(this);
        if (mOnInsetsCallback != null) {
            mOnInsetsCallback.onInsetsChanged(insets);
        }
        return true; // consume insets
    }

    @Override
    public void draw(Canvas canvas) {
        super.draw(canvas);

        int width = getWidth();
        int height = getHeight();
        if (mInsets != null && mInsetForeground != null) {
            int sc = canvas.save();
            canvas.translate(getScrollX(), getScrollY());

            // Top
            mTempRect.set(0, 0, width, mInsets.top);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            // Bottom
            mTempRect.set(0, height - mInsets.bottom, width, height);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            // Left
            mTempRect.set(
                0, 
                mInsets.top, 
                mInsets.left, 
                height - mInsets.bottom);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            // Right
            mTempRect.set(
                width - mInsets.right, 
                mInsets.top, width, 
                height - mInsets.bottom);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            canvas.restoreToCount(sc);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onAttachedToWindow() {
        super.onAttachedToWindow();
        if (mInsetForeground != null) {
            mInsetForeground.setCallback(this);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDetachedFromWindow() {
        super.onDetachedFromWindow();
        if (mInsetForeground != null) {
            mInsetForeground.setCallback(null);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Allows the calling container to specify a callback for custom 
     * processing when insets change (i.e. when {@link #fitSystemWindows(Rect)}
     * is called. This is useful for setting padding on UI elements 
     * based on UI chrome insets (e.g. a Google Map or a ListView). 
     * When using with ListView or GridView, remember to set
     * clipToPadding to false.
     */
    public void setOnInsetsCallback(OnInsetsCallback onInsetsCallback) {
        mOnInsetsCallback = onInsetsCallback;
    }

    public static interface OnInsetsCallback {
        public void onInsetsChanged(Rect insets);
    }
}

Quindi creare un styleable modo che la insetForeground può essere impostato .

Valori / attrs.xml

<declare-styleable name="ScrimInsetsView">
    <attr name="insetForeground" format="reference|color" />
</declare-styleable>

Aggiornare il file xml del vostra attività e assicurarsi che android:fitsSystemWindows è impostata su true sia sul DrawerLayout, così come la ScrimInsetsFrameLayout .

layout / activity_main.xml

<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawerLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <!-- The main content view -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <!-- Your main content -->

    </LinearLayout>

    <!-- The navigation drawer -->
    <com.example.app.util.ScrimInsetsFrameLayout 
        xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
        android:id="@+id/scrimInsetsFrameLayout"
        android:layout_width="320dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="start"
        android:background="@color/white"
        android:elevation="10dp"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        app:insetForeground="#4000">

        <!-- Your drawer content -->

    </com.example.app.util.ScrimInsetsFrameLayout>

</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

All'interno il metodo onCreate della vostra attività impostare il colore di sfondo barra di stato sul layout cassetto.

MainActivity.java

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    // ...

    mDrawerLayout = (DrawerLayout) findViewById(R.id.drawerLayout);
    mDrawerLayout.setStatusBarBackgroundColor(
        getResources().getColor(R.color.primary_dark));
}

Aggiornare Infine il tema della vostra applicazione in modo che il DrawerLayout è dietro la barra di stato .

Valori - V21 / styles.xml

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
</style>

Result:

Come si usa DrawerLayout per visualizzare il ActionBar / Toolbar e sotto la barra di stato ? Github

La cosa importante da giocare è in attività principale

toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
res = this.getResources();

this.setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true);
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) { 
    ScrimInsetsFrameLayout scrimInsetsFrameLayout = (ScrimInsetsFrameLayout)
            findViewById(R.id.linearLayout);
    scrimInsetsFrameLayout.setOnInsetsCallback(this);
} 

e la chiamata

@Override
public void onInsetsChanged(Rect insets) {
    Toolbar toolbar = this.toolbar;
    ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams lp = (ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams)
        toolbar.getLayoutParams();
    lp.topMargin = insets.top;
    int top = insets.top;
    insets.top += toolbar.getHeight();
    toolbar.setLayoutParams(lp);
    insets.top = top; // revert
}

Assolutamente il tema per V21 fa la magia

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <!-- API 21 theme customizations can go here. -->
    <item name="colorPrimary">@color/colorPrimary</item>
    <item name="colorPrimaryDark">@color/colorPrimaryDark</item>
    <item name="colorAccent">@color/accent_material_light</item>
    <item name="windowActionModeOverlay">true</item>
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
    <item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>
</style>

e il ScrimInsetsFrameLayout